Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The inflammation can be due to an infection as well as other various causes.
The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system, and it is a walnut-sized gland found in men that is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine and semen exit the body. Its main function is to produce seminal fluid in order to transport sperm through the urethra.
signs and symptoms of prostatitis
The symptoms associated with prostatitis can vary depending on the underlying cause of prostatitis. The symptoms may appear slowly or come on quickly, and they may improve rapidly (depending on the cause and treatment available) or they may last for several months and they can keep recurring (chronic prostatitis). The rapidity and severity of onset is usually most pronounced with acute bacterial prostatitis.
The following are signs and symptoms
• Painful, difficult and/or frequent urinating
• Blood in the urine
• Groin pain, rectal pain, abdominal pain and/or low back pain
• Fever and chills
• Malaise and body aches
• Urethral discharge
• Painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction
What are the complications of prostatitis?
• acute prostatitis becoming chronic prostatitis,
• bladder outlet obstruction or urinary retension
• infertility,
• abscess of the prostate gland,
• spreading of the infection to the blood stream (bacteremia/sepsis), and rarely
• death.
Prostatitis can elevate the PSA level. There is no evidence that prostatitis leads to prostate cancer. If the acute inflammation/episode of prostatitis has resolved, the PSA level will usually return to baseline levels.

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